Yellowstone National Park, WY 82190, United States
GPS: 44.462390627197, -110.64189988074
Located in the northwestern part of the state of Wyoming, on the borders of Idaho and Montana, Yellowstone National Park is one of the largest protected areas in the United States. It covers an area of 9,000 km² more than 2,000 meters above sea level in the heart of the Rocky Mountains (Eagle Peak, the highest point, rises to 3,462 meters). Yellowstone National Park is known worldwide for its extraordinary geothermal activity and the rare ecosystem of its wild lands. This intense underground life is explained by the presence of several underlying volcanoes at the origin of the creation of this unique site in the world.
The first human settlements in the Yellowstone area date back approximately 11,000 years. They belonged to native Amerindian peoples such as the Tukudekas until the arrival of the first settlers of European origin at the beginning of the 19th century. Founded in 1872 under the mandate of Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States, Yellowstone National Park is the very first protected natural site in the world. Its vast caldera is the scene of the largest home of active geysers on the planet. Four types of geothermal activities can thus be observed in Yellowstone: hot water sources, superheated mud basins, steam fumaroles and some 300 geysers (the vast majority of geysers on Earth). This natural basin rests on a huge magmatic chamber and displays an explosion of colours to its visitors.
This extraordinary landscape, constantly evolving due to the boiling influence of the magma, conceals a singular wilderness. In addition to its thermal heritage, Yellowstone National Park has a large canyon, lakes, forests and several waterfalls. It also enjoys an abundant fauna, as evidenced by the numerous herds of wild bison estimated at a few thousand individuals (they were only a handful at the beginning of the 20th century and greatly threatened with extinction). A loop-shaped road travels through the territory of Yellowstone National Park by car and a large network of hiking trails lead as close as possible to the many hot springs of misty, vapour or gushing nature. Seasonal changes are among the most violent and unpredictable on the American continent (due to large temperature ranges). This is also what makes the nature of the park so unique by the great metamorphosis of its landscapes between winter and summer.