Namche Bazaar, Solukhumbu, Nepal
GPS: 27.932617210759, 86.701795407009
Sagarmatha National Park is located in the Khumbu region of north-eastern Nepal. A land of adventure and legends, it is part of the mythical mountain range of the high Himalayas. This park encompasses three of the ten highest peaks in the world: Everest (8,848 metres), Lhotse (8,516 metres) and Cho Oyu (8,201 metres) over an area of approximately 1,250 km² in the Solukhumbu District.
The first successful ascent of the Mount Everest massif (Sagarmatha in Nepalese) dates back to 1953. It is credited to the New Zealand mountaineer and explorer Sir Edmund Percival Hillary, accompanied by the Nepalese guide of Tibetan origin, Tenzing Norgay. Since this resounding exploit, many experienced mountaineers have been trying to repeat this risky performance, often at the risk of their lives. Created in 1976 to protect its natural resources, Sagarmatha National Park displays grandiose landscapes crossed by the Dudh Kosi and Bhote Kosi rivers. They are perched in the Himalayan peaks, the lowest point of the park reaching some 3,000 metres above sea level.
Despite its difficult access, harsh climatic conditions and very isolated nature, Sagarmatha National Park is inhabited by Sherpas. This people, originally from the Tibetan province of Kham, have a spiritual relationship with the mountains, which they consider sacred. Discovering the gorges, glaciers, high valleys and rugged terrain of the Himalayas is the ultimate experience for any mountaineer or hiker seeking to conquer the world’s highest peaks. The long hike to Everest Base Camp, perched 5,300 metres above sea level, is undoubtedly the most popular route for international visitors. To achieve this goal, the expertise of the high mountain guides and the courage of the Sherpa porters, in their ability to carry incredibly heavy loads on the backs of men in the rugged terrain, are essential. A pack saddle, such as the yak, dzo or mule, used for transporting goods at high altitudes, are also valuable for getting to the roof of the world.