Great Ocean Road, Port Campbell VIC 3269, Australia
GPS: -38.661203389092, 143.10628856086
Port Campbell National Park Australia, also known as the Shipwreck Coast, has an exceptionally rocky environment. This rugged coastline stretches for almost 300 kilometres between the cities of Princetown and Peterborough in south-eastern Australia. The park’s coastline is known worldwide for its fabulous collection of huge isolated standing rocks overhanging the Bass Strait, a sea arm connecting the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
This illustrious and constantly evolving coast of the state of Victoria was formed 10 to 20 million years ago. It owes its singular nature to its series of limestone formations with spectacular shapes and dimensions. Some steep cliffs in Port Campbell National Park can reach up to 70 metres in height. Sculpted by the force of the winds and the power of the ocean waves, these geological giants form landscapes of rock hills overlooking pretty white sand beaches. Each year, erosion naturally loses a few centimetres of rock to the massive structures of Port Campbell National Park.
A long lane dedicated to walkers (Great Ocean Walk) and a motorised road (Great Ocean Road) are among the most beautiful coastal itineraries in the world. They allow the Australian rocky coast to run at its own pace between the wild ocean, beaches, cliffs, forests and the Otway Ranges. Provided with many points of interest, they constitute the most picturesque routes to admire the impressive spectacle of the powerful waves crashing around on the rock formations of The Twelve Apostles. This emblematic site was designated a marine park in the early 2000s (The Twelve Apostles Marine National Park). The latter offers new diving opportunities through its reef and old wrecks lost at the bottom of the sea. Under the aegis of the state of Victoria, the coast of shipwrecks has adopted a new master plan aimed at protecting part of its spectacular coastline (28 kilometres between Princetown and Bay of Islands) while improving tourist infrastructure. It plans to set up more than 70 different projects in the next 10 years, including the creation of elevated bridges, observation platforms and the improvement of its reception or information structures. This ambitious program represents an investment of more than 250 million Australian dollars per year.