GPS: 21.174071702893, 94.861946410124
Bagan is a Unesco World Heritage site and the ancient capital of the first Burmese empire, the Kingdom of Pagan, as discovered by Bagan archaeological missions exploring Bagan ancient temples. These are highly recommended temples to visit in this Mandalay region of Myanmar. There are many opportunities to explore the temples in Bagan when you visit Bagan, which thrived from the mid-9th to the end of the 13th centuries, about the same period as the Khmer Empire in Southeast Asia. It was during the reign of Burmese king Anawrahta, at the origin of the unification of the kingdom in the 11th century, that Bagan became its capital. He distinguished himself militarily by annexing several territories (the kingdoms of Dvâravatî, Sri Ksetra and Dali) backed by the basin of the Irrawaddy River. From these victorious battles, the sovereign brings back as spoils of war many relics, manuscripts and sacred texts like the Tripiṭaka (founding texts of Buddhism). He discovered the theravāda (an ancient and rigorous branch of Buddhism from India and Sri Lanka) then decided to be converted by the monk Shin Arahan, originally from Thaton, the former capital of the Mon kingdom of Dvâravatî.
King Anawrahta imposed the theravāda on his subjects as the new state religion of his empire and abandoned the Mahāyāna Buddhism practised by his predecessors. In Bagan he built a vast complex of religious monuments and Bagan temples you should visit dedicated to the worship of the Buddha and to Buddhist teaching which included the best temples. This titanic project was continued by its successors heading the kingdom of Pagan before gaining its contemporary nickname “land of a thousand pagodas”. Despite several earthquakes and the devastating invasion of the city by the Great Khan of the Mongols and future Emperor of China (Yuan dynasty), Kublai Khan in 1287, Bagan retained countless archaeological remains. Divided into three geographic areas including old and new Bagan (New Bagan to the south, Old Bagan to the north and Nyaung-U to the east) along the Irrawaddy River, this place mainly impresses visitors with the density of its temples, pagodas, monasteries, stūpas (structures in bell) and Buddhist sanctuaries centered around old Bagan, new Bagan and Nyaung-u. In total, it forms more than 2,200 religious sites and monuments still standing, which are spread over an area around Bagan and around old Bagan of more than 100 km².
An absolute archaeological treasure, Bagan with its beautiful temples in Bagan is today one of the most important places of pilgrimage in Buddhism. Located in a region of high seismic activity, its jewels are under the constant threat of new earthquakes. The last major shake dates back to August 2016 (magnitude of 6.8 on the Richter scale), damaging numerous temples and pagodas. Under the sponsorship of Unesco, major restoration work will be carried out on nearly 500 buildings and temples in the area of Bagan and its surrounds in the coming years. Bagan is famous for its temples you want to visit on your trip to Myanmar, from the largest temple in Bagan to the other best Bagan temples and sites in Bagan, and is a great place to visit for an unforgettable experience. The monuments in Bagan and other attractions in Bagan since historical times, including sunrise in Bagan and sunset in Bagan, are compelling reasons to go to Bagan when you visit Myanmar. For this reason a complete guide or complete travel guide as well as a map of Bagan is the best way to see Bagan when you visit the temples. A sunrise and sunset hot air balloon ride is the best way and best time to visit Bagan, meaning you will need to stay in a hotel in Bagan or alternative accommodation to visit temples at the ideal time in Bagan, when the air is cool enough for the balloons to float close to the temples. To get to Bagan and stay in Bagan or stay in old Bagan you will first need to get yourself to Myanmar, travel to modern-day Myanmar will take you through a main travel hub that could be the largest city in Myanmar and the largest city in the country or the second largest city to reach Bagan for a Bagan stay through a domestic flight to Bagan. This is not the only way to travel and there are other ways to make the trip in Bagan or to Bagan from a travel hub in the country within Myanmar and the main travel hubs. It is a good idea to get travel insurance, pack for Bagan whether you are having a day trip or spending nights in Bagan. Pagodas in Bagan, lacquerware shops in Bagan and hotels in new Bagan are some of the many attractions of each area in Bagan. The internet in Bagan will allow visitors to access free travel guides, information about Bagan entrance fee costs and the 10 most beautiful Bagan temples. Bagan is one of the most exhilarating and memorable places to visit and can be traced back to Bagan history, Bagan is also a great place to spend afternoons in Bagan viewing the spectacular sites.