Edfo, Luxor Governorate, Égypte
GPS: 25.729205351131, 32.611787411043
Many Egyptologists believe that the Ramesseum may be the most impressive of the ancient Egyptian temples. It is part of a gigantic funerary complex attached to the Theban Necropolis, the ancient capital of the New Kingdom. Discover ancient Egypt that is dedicated to the deity Amun in the time of the Pharaohs, the temple coincides with the golden age of Ancient Egypt. Its ruins correspond to the funerary temple of Ramesses II, the third pharaoh of the 19th dynasty, whose long reign lasted more than 60 years (1279 to 1213 BC).
The profusion of exceptional remains of the Theban Necropolis is scattered on both sides of the banks of the Nile, around the city of Luxor (ancient Thebes), at the edge of the cultivated lands and the desert. It is in particular on the West Bank, not far from the Ramesseum, that one can discover ancient Egypt through several important sites, including ancient Egyptian temples: the Colossi of Memnon (two gigantic stone sculptures marking the entrance to the Mortuary Temple of Amenhotep III), the site of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna (ancient Egyptian necropolis), the Temple of Ramesses III (major funerary temple at Medinet Habu), the site of Deir el-Bahari (vast mortuary complex), the Temple of Hatshepsut (Queen Pharaoh), the Mortuary Temple of Seti I (memorial temple of the father of father of Ramesses II), the Valley of the Queens (including the tomb of Queen Nefertari, favourite of Ramesses II), the Valley of the Kings (hypogeum and tombs of the pharaohs, including that of Tutankhamun), the Valley of the Nobles (tombs of the king’s relatives), and the Deir el-Medina complex (village of the workmen in charge of the construction of the funerary tombs and temples).
On the East Bank of the Nile, discover ancient Egypt through other ancient Egyptian temples including the Luxor Temple (one of the best preserved in the region) and the Karnak Temple Complex (the largest religious site of all antiquity) complete this incredible density of archaeological remains. These two buildings dedicated to the god Amun were once linked by an impressive Avenue of Sphinxes (dromos) nearly three kilometres long. It served as the stage for a great religious procession on sacred boats during the Opet festival. It is currently being restored as part of the Master plan for Luxor City 2030. The Ramesseum is a great reason to travel ancient Egypt.